Quirky is one way of describing this arts space is the opinion of Lonely Planet about Arte Moris. However, Arte Moris (or Living Art) is more than a gallery of art or a fine art academy.
The center was establish in 2003. The center provides a space for the young Timorese to create art, while helping them to bond and spread positive attitudes about their nation. World-renowned freedom fighters’ posters that are popular with youngsters, like the ones by Che Guevara or Bob Marley, surround teenagers who visit to learn about the art of making such as murals, sculptures prints on canvas and more.
It was initially a concept of Swiss artist Luca Gansser and his wife, Gabriela Gansser, with an ensemble of young people, Arte Moris has slowly become a well-known and only art center within the nation. Since its creation, Arte Moris was award the UN Human Rights prize for its support for free expression.
However, Arte Moris aim is not just to support the arts. It hopes to assist East Timorese people rebuild their lives after the long and bloody war for independence that engulfed one of the newest nations, which was establish on May 20, 2002.
Violence in Timor Leste Arts
The Southeast Asian island was first colonized by the Portuguese in 1515. It gained its autonomy from Portugal in November 1975 thanks to the Revolutionary Front of an Independent East Timor (Fretilin). It only last for just nine days before it was attack by the Indonesian military.
The country was occupied until the 30th of August 1999 the day that an independence referendum resulted in 78.5 percent of East Timorese people vote for the country’s separation from Indonesia. The result was a flurry of violence by Indo-Timorist groups that needed assistance from UN peacekeepers.
The result was the establishment of a UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) from 1999-2002, and it was during this time that Timor Leste restored full independence. The bloody battle against Indonesian occupation led to the bringing of all the East Timorese together. However, a conflict between the military and the political began in 2006 when some soldiers were fire.
The situation escalated into a sequence of violence between army, police, rebel soldiers and urban youth which resulted in the deaths of more than 100 in 2006, and more than 150,000 people forced to flee. The crisis exposed a deep tension between the elderly and younger generations in the nation.
Youth In Crisis Arts
Timor Leste has one of the largest populations of young people around the globe. The rapid growth of its population has brought attention to the state of affairs and the plight of youth in the country.
According to an article from 2007 in the World Bank report titled Timor Leste’s Youth in Crisis: Situational Analysis and Policy Options the involvement of youth in widespread violence was among of the most obvious aspects of the current crisis. The generation gap has become a major element of the present political discourse within Timor Leste.
Two generations were part of the long battle to gain independence. The first one is the Generation of 99 or Geracao Foun born during the period of Indonesian occupation. Some of them who became national leaders in the 1990s and 1980s. They are different from Generation of 75 who are senior Portuguese-speaking politicians and majority rule the government.
The communities are often discordant over certain issues. Their relationships are essential to the transfer of values from the past and for the social cohesion of the country https://188.8.131.52/.
Timor-Leste’s youth face the lack of employment opportunities and the rate of poverty ) is still high at 41.8 percent. The promise of independence seems to be far off as fundamental rights like education, employment , and political participation are still lacking.
Murals To Promote Peace
The population from Timor Leste has been so affect by this past history that it has adopt the practice of venting on the walls. The parts of the capital city Dili appear to be an art museum in the open air.
In 2006, realising that graffiti and murals were among the most universal methods of communication across the country, Nobel award-winning president José Ramos Horta and numerous NGOs requested artists to paint walls throughout the country to transmit messages of unity in the nation and peace.
Graffiti and murals are now a an integral part of the urban landscape. Arts allow young people to protest against the political and legal authority within the country. Many of the artists hail of the Generation that was 99 and were evict following the independence of 2002. They want to be recognize for their part in the fight against Indonesia and also to inform the young generation of their past as they engage in discussions about post-independence identities.
Gembel Arts Collective
Gembel Art Collective Art Collective is another similar initiative that was established in 2003, just like Arte Moris. Art offers free arts classes, and plans the possibility of having music, theatre along with traditional performance. Like Arte Moris, its classes and spaces are available to everyone.
Artists like those who are associated in Arte Moris or Gembel Art Collective are also involved in human rights concerns. This includes fighting for the right to land as well as discovering. The children who were disappeared during the Indonesian occupation. An estimated 4,500 children were allegedly taken to Indonesia between 1975 and 1999.
The artists express their displeasure and discontent with government policies including the absence of jobs for young people. They also may support initiatives, like for instance. The Hands Off Timor Oil initiative in conjunction in conjunction with the government. With the help of the arts they encourage people to consider the problems that impact their country.